Soy

A gold standard plant protein
protein nutrition
allergenicity
flavor
functionality
cost
crop supply
= excellent = good = fair = low = poor

Dry composition

sourcing

  • Grown in Brazil, US, Argentina
  • GM: herbicide & insect tolerant
  • Poor soil tolerance, fixes nitrogen
  • Flour 50–60%, concentrate 65–80%, isolate > 90% protein
  • Low consumer acceptance

nutrition

  • PDCAAS 0.84
  • Limiting AA: Lys, Met & Cys
  • FDA claim: heart disease risk reduction
  • Phytoestrogens
  • Antinutritive factors: Trypsin inhibitors & hemagglutinin
  • Allergenicity: Major

properties

  • Viscosity & water binding
  • Gelation
  • Emulsification & foaming
  • Flavor-binding
  • Earthy & bitter/astringent off-flavors

applications

  • Diverse, e.g., dressing, beverage powder, plant-based creamer, frozen dessert, soup, whipped topping, formula
  • Texturized for meat replacement/ extension